Head Shape Types
Plagiocephaly is the asymmetric shaping of a child’s head. Positional plagiocephaly is normally caused by undue or excessive pressure on one side of the occipital (posterior or rear) area of a child’s head. This gives the head a general ‘parallelogram’ shape.
Positional plagiocephaly is categorized into three different levels: mild, moderate and severe. A child will fall into one of these categories based upon their cranial vault asymmetry and the degree of their facial asymmetries.
Cranial Vault Asymmetry is less than 5mm
Cranial Vault Asymmetry is between 5 and 10mm
Cranial Vault Asymmetry is 10mm or greater
Brachycephaly is the symmetrical flattening of the back of a child’s head. Like positional plagiocephaly, it is generally caused by positioning. This flattening is marked by its symmetry across the back of the head.
This condition presents with central occipital flattening.
This condition presents with central occipital flattening,
widening of the posterior skull and frontal flattening or bossing.
Scaphocephaly is an abnormal elongation of a child’s head. These heads often seem very narrow and deep. Heads with scaphocephaly are not usually treated using cranial remolding orthoses.